Oil and natural gas production
In 2013, Eni’s liquids and gas production of 1,619 kboe/d declined by 4.8% from the 2012, reflecting significant force majeure events in particular in Libya, Nigeria and Algeria, which considerably impacted the production level and the disposals made in the first half of 2012, while it was partially helped by the performance of the Elgin-Franklin field (Eni’s interest 21.87%) in the United Kingdom, operated by another oil major, which was off line in 2012 due to a gas leak. The contribution of the new fields’ start-ups and continuing production ramp-ups mainly in Algeria and Egypt partly offset the effects of planned facility downtimes and technical problems, in the North Sea and in the Gulf of Mexico respectively, as well as mature field declines. The share of oil and natural gas produced outside Italy was 89% (89% in 2012).
Liquids production (833 kbbl/d) decreased by 49 kbbl/d or 5.6% from the previous year, driven mainly by lower production in Libya and Nigeria, planned and extraordinary downtimes and mature field declines. These negatives were partly offset by new field start-ups and production ramp-ups mainly in: (i) Algeria, following the start-up of the MLE-CAFC (Eni’s interest 75%) and the El Merk (Eni’s interest 12.25%) projects; (ii) Egypt, following the ramp-up of Meleiha area (Eni’s interest 76%); and (iii) Iraq, due to increased production at the Zubair field (Eni’s interest 41.6%).
Natural gas production (4,320 mmcf/d) reported a decline of 181 mmcf/d from the 2012 (down by 3.9%). The lower production in Nigeria, planned and extraordinary downtimes and mature field declines were partially offset by the contribution of new field start-ups and ramp-ups of the year, mainly in Algeria and the United Kingdom following the start-up of Jasmine field (Eni’s interest 33%).
Oil and gas production sold amounted to 555.3 mmboe. The 35.7 mmboe difference over production (591 mmboe) reflected mainly volumes of natural gas consumed in operations (30 mmboe). Approximately 60% of liquids production sold (299.5 mmbbl) was destined to Eni’s Refining & Marketing Division (of which 25% was processed in Eni’s refinery). About 27% of natural gas production sold (1,405 bcf) was destined to Eni’s Gas & Power Division.
In 2013 oil spills from operations and sabotage reported a decrease compared to the previous year, amounting to 42.7% and 34.9%, respectively. Oil spills were concentrated mainly in Nigeria, due to disruptions and force majeure events reported during the year. In particular, a pilot project was launched to identify a technology which can be used to oppose at the illegal bunkering. Eni continues to promote operations aimed at raising safety standards and at ensuring efficient operations management.