Daily production of eni hydrocarbons by Countries with access to decent health services (2011)
Already represented in the MDGs in its various forms – reduction of infant mortality, improvement in maternal health, the fight against malaria, HIV/AIDS and other infectious diseases – the topic of health (MDG 6) also has central importance for the imminent definition of the Sustainable Development Goals.
As a result of the projects implemented to date, the mortality rate among children under five has decreased by 47% since 1990, maternal mortality at the global level has decreased by 47% in the last two decades, and the number of people infected with HIV went down by 33% between 2001 and 20111. These are significant results but the general consensus is that it is still not enough, and for this reason health-related issues in the poorest Countries will be top priority also in the Post-2015 Agenda.
Almost 30% of eni’s daily production of hydrocarbons is concentrated in Countries where less than 60% of the population has access to sufficiently developed healthcare services.
(1) UN, Millennium Development Goals and Beyond 2015, 2013.
In Ghana where the mining industry is well established and the Oil & Gas industry is being developed, a Strategic Assessment of the Environmental Impact at the national level revealed the potential impact such industrial activities may have on various environmental factors in community health.