Based on scientific criteria and best practices with regard to the conservation of biodiversity, the mapping allows for a wide enough area surrounding the sites to include the primary, secondary and cumulative impacts potentially associated with the company’s operations. 17% of the operational sites have been identified as priority sites owing to their proximity to areas rich in biodiversity. The goal is to increase the number of these sites owning an ad hoc biodiversity action plan. To map sites in areas prone to water shortages, eni continues to use the Global Water Tool for Oil&Gas developed by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and the IPIECA, contributing to the identification of sites requiring more detailed analysis and the development of a water management plan. Similarly, eni promotes the effective management of water resources, particularly in areas prone to water shortages, as well as the maintenance and improvement of aquatic ecosystems, by minimizing the impact of its operations in qualitative and quantitative terms and by setting reduction targets for high consumption sites. In particular, eni expects to reach its target of reducing consumption of fresh water by 3% in areas prone to water shortages at three sites: Bir Rebaa Nord and Menzel Lejmet Est in Algeria and Abu Rudeis in Egypt.

Currently fewer than 20% of the hydrocarbon production plants are situated in areas particularly prone to water shortages. The mitigation actions taken for the sustainable management of water include protecting ecosystems, cooperation with other public and private entities, risk management in relation to potential floods or drought, minimal use of drinking water based also on the needs of local communities and the effective management of wastewater. Furthermore, materials, processes and suppliers or commodity classes with a high water consumption level have been identified and replaced.

eni promotes the effective management of water resources, particularly in areas prone to water shortages.


SO2 emissions in the last 4 years in the refining sector

-740 ton/year

of SO2 emissions in the next few years in the refining sector


The downstream sector is characterized by the diversified operations in the European market: refining, chemicals and electricity generation. The maintenance and reinforcement of operations in Europe, contrary to industry trends, has led to significant investment in the best technology, also from an environmental point of view.

The refining sector has developed measures to reduce SO2 emissions, despite the structuring of some assets specifically to process heavy crude oil. eni’s refineries are equipped to produce only high quality fuels, with a sulphur content of below 10 ppm. Over the last four years, the refining sector has reduced its SO2 emissions by 61% (in absolute terms) and by 53% (in terms of the emission index per unit of processed product) and aims to reduce emissions by a further 740 t/year in the next few years. Moreover the production of high quality and more efficient fuels significantly reduces the polluting emissions of the end customer, thereby guaranteeing a reduced impact throughout the product life cycle.

Both the conversion of the Gela refinery and the new biorefinery in Venice fit into this picture.